Ray Dalio is the founder, co-Chief Investment Officer and co-Chairman of Bridgewater Associates, which is a global macro investment firm and is the world’s largest hedge fund. He's also the author of the #1 New York Times Bestseller Principles: Life and Work. He is known to have a very practical understanding of economics that is very different from conventional economic thinking that he spells out in his video series "How the Economic Machine Works".
He started Bridgewater in 1975 out of a two-bedroom apartment in New York City and has been a global macro investor for more than 45 years.
While at Bridgewater his industry-changing approaches to investing -- which include the invention of risk parity, currency overlay, portable alpha and global inflation-indexed bond management -- prompted Chief Investment Officer magazine to write an article entitled “Is Ray Dalio the Steve Jobs of Investing?,” which compared his industry-changing inventions to those of the Apple founder. According to an industry study, Bridgewater's hedge fund has made more money for its investors than any other hedge fund ever -- an estimated $49.7 billion. Bridgewater Associates has received numerous awards, including over twenty “Manager of the Year” awards from every major financial publication, and Ray has received three “Lifetime Achievement” awards. Additionally, a long list of economic policymakers actively seeks his advice, which prompted Time Magazine in 2012 to name him “One of the 100 Most Influential People in the World”.
Ray is an active philanthropist with a particular interest in oceanographic research and conservation. He is a participant in The Giving Pledge, a commitment to give more than half of his wealth to charity.
Ray believes that reality works like a machine and that principles for dealing with reality are required to be successful.